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python tkinter实现连连看游戏

时间:2020-11-17 09:47:50 阅读:705次 来源:互联网

需要自己添加图片素材呦

python tkinter实现连连看游戏

运行效果:

python tkinter实现连连看游戏

完整代码

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# @Date  : 2017-10-02 15:19:24
# @Author : Salamander  (1906747819@qq.com)
# @Link  : http://51lucy.com

import os, random
import tkinter as tk
import tkinter.messagebox
from PIL import Image, ImageTk

class MainWindow():
    __gameTitle = "连连看游戏"
    __windowWidth = 700
    __windowHeigth = 500
    __icons = []
    __gameSize = 10 # 游戏尺寸
    __iconKind = __gameSize * __gameSize / 4 # 小图片种类数量
    __iconWidth = 40
    __iconHeight = 40
    __map = [] # 游戏地图
    __delta = 25
    __isFirst = True
    __isGameStart = False
    __formerPoint = None
    EMPTY = -1
    NONE_LINK = 0
    STRAIGHT_LINK = 1
    ONE_CORNER_LINK = 2
    TWO_CORNER_LINK = 3

    def __init__(self):
        self.root = tk.Tk()
        self.root.title(self.__gameTitle)
        self.centerWindow(self.__windowWidth, self.__windowHeigth)
        self.root.minsize(460, 460)

        self.__addComponets()
        self.extractSmallIconList()

        self.root.mainloop()

    def __addComponets(self):
        self.menubar = tk.Menu(self.root, bg="lightgrey", fg="black")

        self.file_menu = tk.Menu(self.menubar, tearoff=0, bg="lightgrey", fg="black")
        self.file_menu.add_command(label="新游戏", command=self.file_new, accelerator="Ctrl+N")

        self.menubar.add_cascade(label="游戏", menu=self.file_menu)
        self.root.configure(menu=self.menubar)

        self.canvas = tk.Canvas(self.root, bg = 'white', width = 450, height = 450)
        self.canvas.pack(side=tk.TOP, pady = 5)
        self.canvas.bind('', self.clickCanvas)
    

    def centerWindow(self, width, height):
      screenwidth = self.root.winfo_screenwidth() 
      screenheight = self.root.winfo_screenheight() 
      size = '%dx%d+%d+%d' % (width, height, (screenwidth - width)/2, (screenheight - height)/2)
      self.root.geometry(size)


    def file_new(self, event=None):
        self.iniMap()
        self.drawMap()
        self.__isGameStart = True

    def clickCanvas(self, event):
        if self.__isGameStart:
            point = self.getInnerPoint(Point(event.x, event.y))
            # 有效点击坐标
            if point.isUserful() and not self.isEmptyInMap(point):
                if self.__isFirst:
                    self.drawSelectedArea(point)
                    self.__isFirst= False
                    self.__formerPoint = point
                else:
                    if self.__formerPoint.isEqual(point):
                        self.__isFirst = True
                        self.canvas.delete("rectRedOne")
                    else:
                        linkType = self.getLinkType(self.__formerPoint, point)
                        if linkType['type'] != self.NONE_LINK:
                            # TODO Animation
                            self.ClearLinkedBlocks(self.__formerPoint, point)
                            self.canvas.delete("rectRedOne")
                            self.__isFirst = True
                            if self.isGameEnd():
                                tk.messagebox.showinfo("You Win!", "Tip")
                                self.__isGameStart = False
                        else:
                            self.__formerPoint = point
                            self.canvas.delete("rectRedOne")
                            self.drawSelectedArea(point)


    # 判断游戏是否结束
    def isGameEnd(self):
        for y in range(0, self.__gameSize):
            for x in range(0, self.__gameSize):
                if self.__map[y][x] != self.EMPTY:
                    return False
        return True

                            

    '''
    提取小头像数组
    '''
    def extractSmallIconList(self):
        imageSouce = Image.open(r'images\NARUTO.png')
        for index in range(0, int(self.__iconKind)):
            region = imageSouce.crop((self.__iconWidth * index, 0, 
                    self.__iconWidth * index + self.__iconWidth - 1, self.__iconHeight - 1))
            self.__icons.append(ImageTk.PhotoImage(region))

    '''
    初始化地图 存值为0-24
    '''
    def iniMap(self):
        self.__map = [] # 重置地图
        tmpRecords = []
        records = []
        for i in range(0, int(self.__iconKind)):
            for j in range(0, 4):
                tmpRecords.append(i)

        total = self.__gameSize * self.__gameSize
        for x in range(0, total):
            index = random.randint(0, total - x - 1)
            records.append(tmpRecords[index])
            del tmpRecords[index]

        # 一维数组转为二维,y为高维度
        for y in range(0, self.__gameSize):
            for x in range(0, self.__gameSize):
                if x == 0:
                    self.__map.append([])
                self.__map[y].append(records[x + y * self.__gameSize])

    '''
    根据地图绘制图像
    '''
    def drawMap(self):
        self.canvas.delete("all")
        for y in range(0, self.__gameSize):
            for x in range(0, self.__gameSize):
                point = self.getOuterLeftTopPoint(Point(x, y))
                im = self.canvas.create_image((point.x, point.y), 
                    image=self.__icons[self.__map[y][x]], anchor='nw', tags = 'im%d%d' % (x, y))

    '''
    获取内部坐标对应矩形左上角顶点坐标
    '''
    def getOuterLeftTopPoint(self, point):
        return Point(self.getX(point.x), self.getY(point.y))

    '''
    获取内部坐标对应矩形中心坐标
    '''
    def getOuterCenterPoint(self, point):
        return Point(self.getX(point.x) + int(self.__iconWidth / 2), 
                self.getY(point.y) + int(self.__iconHeight / 2))
        
    def getX(self, x):
        return x * self.__iconWidth + self.__delta

    def getY(self, y):
        return y * self.__iconHeight + self.__delta

    '''
    获取内部坐标
    '''
    def getInnerPoint(self, point):
        x = -1
        y = -1

        for i in range(0, self.__gameSize):
            x1 = self.getX(i)
            x2 = self.getX(i + 1)
            if point.x >= x1 and point.x < x2:
                x = i

        for j in range(0, self.__gameSize):
            j1 = self.getY(j)
            j2 = self.getY(j + 1)
            if point.y >= j1 and point.y < j2:
                y = j

        return Point(x, y)

    '''
    选择的区域变红,point为内部坐标
    '''
    def drawSelectedArea(self, point):
        pointLT = self.getOuterLeftTopPoint(point)
        pointRB = self.getOuterLeftTopPoint(Point(point.x + 1, point.y + 1))
        self.canvas.create_rectangle(pointLT.x, pointLT.y, 
                pointRB.x - 1, pointRB.y - 1, outline = 'red', tags = "rectRedOne")


    '''
    消除连通的两个块
    '''
    def ClearLinkedBlocks(self, p1, p2):
        self.__map[p1.y][p1.x] = self.EMPTY
        self.__map[p2.y][p2.x] = self.EMPTY
        self.canvas.delete('im%d%d' % (p1.x, p1.y))
        self.canvas.delete('im%d%d' % (p2.x, p2.y))

    '''
    地图上该点是否为空
    '''
    def isEmptyInMap(self, point):
        if self.__map[point.y][point.x] == self.EMPTY:
            return True
        else:
            return False

    '''
    获取两个点连通类型
    '''
    def getLinkType(self, p1, p2):
        # 首先判断两个方块中图片是否相同
        if self.__map[p1.y][p1.x] != self.__map[p2.y][p2.x]:
            return { 'type': self.NONE_LINK }

        if self.isStraightLink(p1, p2):
            return {
                'type': self.STRAIGHT_LINK
            }
        res = self.isOneCornerLink(p1, p2)
        if res:
            return {
                'type': self.ONE_CORNER_LINK,
                'p1': res
            }
        res = self.isTwoCornerLink(p1, p2)
        if res:
            return {
                'type': self.TWO_CORNER_LINK,
                'p1': res['p1'],
                'p2': res['p2']
            }
        return {
            'type': self.NONE_LINK
        }


    '''
    直连
    '''
    def isStraightLink(self, p1, p2):
        start = -1
        end = -1
        # 水平
        if p1.y == p2.y:
            # 大小判断
            if p2.x < p1.x:
                start = p2.x
                end = p1.x
            else:
                start = p1.x
                end = p2.x
            for x in range(start + 1, end):
                if self.__map[p1.y][x] != self.EMPTY:
                    return False
            return True
        elif p1.x == p2.x:
            if p1.y > p2.y:
                start = p2.y
                end = p1.y
            else:
                start = p1.y
                end = p2.y
            for y in range(start + 1, end):
                if self.__map[y][p1.x] != self.EMPTY:
                    return False
            return True
        return False

    def isOneCornerLink(self, p1, p2):
        pointCorner = Point(p1.x, p2.y)
        if self.isStraightLink(p1, pointCorner) and self.isStraightLink(pointCorner, p2) and self.isEmptyInMap(pointCorner):
            return pointCorner

        pointCorner = Point(p2.x, p1.y)
        if self.isStraightLink(p1, pointCorner) and self.isStraightLink(pointCorner, p2) and self.isEmptyInMap(pointCorner):
            return pointCorner

    def isTwoCornerLink(self, p1, p2):
        for y in range(-1, self.__gameSize + 1):
            pointCorner1 = Point(p1.x, y)
            pointCorner2 = Point(p2.x, y)
            if y == p1.y or y == p2.y:
                continue
            if y == -1 or y == self.__gameSize:
                if self.isStraightLink(p1, pointCorner1) and self.isStraightLink(pointCorner2, p2):
                    return {'p1': pointCorner1, 'p2': pointCorner2}
            else:
                if self.isStraightLink(p1, pointCorner1) and self.isStraightLink(pointCorner1, pointCorner2) and self.isStraightLink(pointCorner2, p2) and self.isEmptyInMap(pointCorner1) and self.isEmptyInMap(pointCorner2):
                    return {'p1': pointCorner1, 'p2': pointCorner2}

        # 横向判断
        for x in range(-1, self.__gameSize + 1):
            pointCorner1 = Point(x, p1.y)
            pointCorner2 = Point(x, p2.y)
            if x == p1.x or x == p2.x:
                continue
            if x == -1 or x == self.__gameSize:
                if self.isStraightLink(p1, pointCorner1) and self.isStraightLink(pointCorner2, p2):
                    return {'p1': pointCorner1, 'p2': pointCorner2}
            else:
                if self.isStraightLink(p1, pointCorner1) and self.isStraightLink(pointCorner1, pointCorner2) and self.isStraightLink(pointCorner2, p2) and self.isEmptyInMap(pointCorner1) and self.isEmptyInMap(pointCorner2):
                    return {'p1': pointCorner1, 'p2': pointCorner2}


class Point():
    def __init__(self, x, y):
        self.x = x
        self.y = y

    def isUserful(self):
        if self.x >= 0 and self.y >= 0:
            return True
        else:
            return False
                    
    '''
    判断两个点是否相同
    '''
    def isEqual(self, point):
        if self.x == point.x and self.y == point.y:
            return True
        else:
            return False

    '''
    克隆一份对象
    '''
    def clone(self):
        return Point(self.x, self.y)


    '''
    改为另一个对象
    '''
    def changeTo(self, point):
        self.x = point.x
        self.y = point.y

MainWindow()

以上就是python tkinter实现连连看游戏的详细内容。

本文地址:https://www.manongw.com/article/304.html

文章来源:转载于github,转载网址为https://github.com/salamander-mh/PyMatch

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